Skin - clammy
Sweat - cold; Clammy skin; Cold sweat
Clammy skin is cool, moist, and usually pale.
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Clammy skin may be an emergency. Call your health care provider or 911 or the local emergency number.
Causes of clammy skin include:
- Anxiety attack
- Heart attack
- Heat exhaustion
- Internal bleeding
- Low blood oxygen levels
- Medicine reaction
- Sepsis (body-wide infection)
- Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)
- Severe pain
- Shock (low blood pressure)
Home care depends on what is causing the clammy skin. Call for medical help if you are not sure.
If you think the person is in shock, lie them down on their back and raise their legs about 12 inches (30 centimeters). Call 911 or the local emergency number or take the person to the hospital.
If the clammy skin may be due to heat exhaustion and the person is awake and can swallow:
- Have the person drink plenty of (non-alcoholic) fluids
- Move the person to a cool, shaded place
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Seek immediate medical help if the person has any of the following signs or symptoms:
- Altered medical status or thinking ability
- Chest, abdominal, or back pain or discomfort
- Passage of blood in the stool: black stool, bright red or maroon blood
- Recurrent or persistent vomiting, especially of blood
- Possible drug abuse
- Shortness of breath
- Signs of shock (such as confusion, lower level of alertness, or weak pulse)
Always contact your doctor or go to the emergency department if the symptoms do not go away quickly.
What to Expect at Your Office Visit
The provider will perform a physical exam and ask questions about the symptoms and the person's medical history, including:
- How quickly did the clammy skin develop?
- Has it ever happened before?
- Has the person been injured?
- Is the person in pain?
- Does the person seem anxious or stressed?
- Has the person recently been exposed to high temperatures?
- What other symptoms are present?
Tests and treatments may include:
- Airway support, including oxygen, breathing tube through the mouth (intubation), and breathing machine (ventilator)
- Blood and urine tests
- Chest x-ray
- ECG (electrocardiogram, or heart tracing)
- Fluids through a vein (intravenous or IV)
- Medicines to treat symptoms
The outlook depends on the cause of the clammy skin. Examination and test results will help determine immediate and long-term outlooks.
Angus DC. Approach to the patient with shock. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 98.
Marik PE. Endocrinology of the stress response during critical illness. In: Ronco C, Bellomo R, Kellum JA, Ricci Z, eds. Critical Care Nephrology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 76.
Puskarich MA, Jones AE. Shock. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 6.BACK TO TOP
Review Date: 2/12/2021
Reviewed By: Jesse Borke, MD, CPE, FAAEM, FACEP, Attending Physician at Kaiser Permanente, Orange County, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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