The goal of treatment is to control the infection. Antibiotics are used, but it may take a while to get better. Your provider will tell you how long you need to take the medicines. This may be for up to a year.
Surgery may be needed to remove or drain infected areas.
Your provider may tell you to stop taking any medicines that weaken your immune system. Never stop taking any medicine before talking to your provider first.
The outcome is often good when the condition is diagnosed and treated quickly.
The outcome is poor when the infection:
Spreads outside the lung.
Treatment is delayed.
The person has a serious disease that leads to or requires long-term suppression of the immune system.
Complications of pulmonary nocardiosis may include:
Denis Hadjiliadis, MD, MHS, Paul F. Harron, Jr. Associate Professor of Medicine, Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.