Dolutegravir (By mouth)
Dolutegravir Sodium (doe-loo-TEG-ra-vir SOE-dee-um)
Treats HIV infection. This medicine does not cure HIV or AIDS, but combinations of drugs may slow the progress of the disease.
Tivicay, Tivicay PDThere may be other brand names for this medicine.
When This Medicine Should Not Be Used:This medicine is not right for everyone. Do not use it if you had an allergic reaction to dolutegravir.
How to Use This Medicine:
- Your doctor will tell you how much medicine to use. Do not use more than directed.
- Do not stop using this medicine without checking first with your doctor. If you stop the medicine even briefly, the virus may become harder to treat. Contact your doctor or pharmacist when your supply is low so you do not run out.
- This medicine is available in tablet or tablet for suspension forms. Do not switch medicines unless your doctor tells you to.
- Swallow the tablet or tablet for suspension whole. Do not crush, break, or chew it. If you need more than one dose of this medicine, swallow one medicine at a time to prevent the risk of choking.
- If you cannot swallow the tablet for suspension whole:
- You may mix it in 5 milliliters (mL) of water (for 1 or 3 tablets for suspension) or 10 mL of water (for 4, 5, or 6 tablets for suspension) in the medicine cup.
- Use drinking water only to prepare the dose. Do not use any other drink or food.
- Swirl the cup gently for 1 to 2 minutes or until no lumps of tablet remain. Drink the oral liquid at least 30 minutes after mixing.
- You may add another 5 mL of water to the cup and drink it to make sure you get the full dose.
- Use the supplied medicine cup to prepare and give the oral liquid to children. Use the oral syringe to give this medicine to infants.
- Read and follow the patient instructions that come with this medicine. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
- Missed dose: Take a dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then and take a regular dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
- Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid:
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
- Do not use dofetilide together with this medicine.
- Some medicines can affect how dolutegravir works. Tell your doctor if you are also using carbamazepine, dalfampridine, efavirenz, etravirine, fosamprenavir, metformin, nevirapine, oxcarbazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifampin, ritonavir, St John's wort, or tipranavir.
- Take dolutegravir at least 2 hours before or 6 hours after you take sucralfate, an antacid, or laxative that contains aluminum, calcium, or magnesium, or a buffered medicine. You may take calcium or iron supplements together with this medicine if you take them with food. If not, take dolutegravir 2 hours before or 6 hours after you take these supplements.
Warnings While Using This Medicine:
- Using this medicine while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. If you are a woman who can bear children, your doctor may give you a pregnancy test before you start using this medicine to make sure you are not pregnant. Do not use this medicine during the first part of your pregnancy. Use an effective form of birth control to keep from getting pregnant. Tell your doctor right away if you think you have become pregnant.
- Do not breastfeed. You can spread HIV or AIDS to your baby through your breast milk.
- Tell your doctor if you have kidney disease, liver disease (including hepatitis B or C), or other types of infection.
- This medicine may cause the following problems:
- Serious skin reactions
- Liver problems
- Your immune system may get stronger when you start taking HIV medicines. This could cause a hidden infection in your body to become active. Tell your doctor right away if you notice any changes in your health.
- This medicine will not keep you from giving HIV to others. Always practice safe sex, even if your partner also has HIV. Do not share needles or other items that may have blood or body fluids on them.
- Your doctor will do lab tests at regular visits to check on the effects of this medicine. Keep all appointments.
- Keep all medicine out of the reach of children. Never share your medicine with anyone.
Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine:
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
- Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
- Blistering, peeling, or severe skin rash
- Dark urine or pale stools, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach pain, yellow skin or eyes
- Fever, chills, cough, sore throat, joint or muscle aches, unusual tiredness or weakness
- Redness, pain, or swelling of or around your eye or eyelid
- Sores on your lips or mouth
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
- Trouble sleeping
If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088
Last Updated: 11/6/2020