Fosphenytoin (By injection)
Treats and prevents seizures. Also used for short-term substitution for oral phenytoin.
Cerebyx, Cerebyx NovaplusThere may be other brand names for this medicine.
When This Medicine Should Not Be Used:This medicine is not right for everyone. You should not receive it if you had an allergic reaction to fosphenytoin, phenytoin, or similar medicines, if you are pregnant, if you have certain heart rhythm problems, or if you have had liver problems from using fosphenytoin or phenytoin.
How to Use This Medicine:
- Your doctor will prescribe your dose and schedule. This medicine is given as a shot into a muscle or into a vein.
- A nurse or other health provider will give you this medicine.
- This medicine is usually given only for a short time when you cannot take other forms of anticonvulsant medicine, such as when you are in the hospital or when you have surgery.
- After your condition improves, your doctor might switch you to an oral medicine that works the same way. Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns about this.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid:
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
- Do not use this medicine together with delavirdine.
- The list below includes some of the medicines that can interact with fosphenytoin. There are many other drugs not listed. Make sure your doctor knows the names of all the medicines you use, especially the following:
- Amiodarone, aspirin, chlordiazepoxide, chlorpropamide, cimetidine, clozapine, cyclosporine, diazepam, diazoxide, digoxin, disulfiram, folic acid, furosemide, isoniazid, methadone, methylphenidate, mexiletine, nifedipine, nimodipine, nisoldipine, omeprazole, praziquantel, quetiapine, quinidine, reserpine, rifampin, St John's wort, theophylline, tolbutamide, verapamil, vitamin D supplements
- Birth control pills
- Blood thinner (including ticlopidine, warfarin)
- Cancer medicine (including bleomycin, capecitabine, carboplatin, cisplatin, doxorubicin, fluorouracil, irinotecan, methotrexate, paclitaxel, teniposide)
- HIV/AIDS medicine (including efavirenz, fosamprenavir, indinavir, lopinavir/ritonavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir)
- Medicine to lower cholesterol (including atorvastatin, fluvastatin, simvastatin)
- Medicine to treat depression (including fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, sertraline, trazodone)
- Medicine to treat infection (including chloramphenicol, fluconazole, itraconazole, ketoconazole, miconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole)
- Other medicines to treat seizures (including carbamazepine, ethosuximide, felbamate, lamotrigine, methsuximide, oxcarbazepine, phenobarbital, topiramate, valproate sodium, valproic acid, vigabatrin)
- Phenothiazine medicine (including chlorpromazine, perphenazine, prochlorperazine, promethazine, thioridazine)
- Steroid medicine (including dexamethasone, hydrocortisone, methylprednisolone, prednisolone, prednisone)
- Sulfa drugs (including sulfadiazine, sulfamethizole, sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim, sulfaphenazole)
- Do not drink alcohol while you are using this medicine.
Warnings While Using This Medicine:
- It is not safe to take this medicine during pregnancy. It could harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant.
- Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding, or if you have kidney disease, liver disease, heart failure, low blood pressure, or porphyria.
- This medicine may cause the following problems:
- Increased risk for heart or blood vessel problems
- Serious skin reactions (including toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, acute-generalized exanthematous pustulosis), which may happen after treatment has stopped
- Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), which may damage organs including the liver, kidney, or heart
- Liver problems
- Injection site reactions, including purple glove syndrome
- Higher blood sugar levels
- This medicine may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive or do anything that could be dangerous until you know how this medicine affects you.
- This medicine may make you bleed, bruise, or get infections more easily. Take precautions to prevent illness and injury. Wash your hands often.
- Do not stop using this medicine suddenly. Your doctor will need to slowly decrease your dose before you stop it completely.
- Tell any doctor or dentist who treats you that you are using this medicine. This medicine may affect certain medical test results.
- Your doctor will do lab tests at regular visits to check on the effects of this medicine. Keep all appointments.
Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine:
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
- Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
- Blistering, peeling, red skin rash
- Dark urine or pale stools, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach pain, yellow skin or eyes
- Fast, slow, or pounding heartbeat, lightheadedness or fainting
- Fever, chills, cough, sore throat, body aches
- Pain, changes in skin color, or swelling at or near the injection site
- Severe confusion, problems with balance or walking, slurred speech, tremors
- Skin rash, swollen glands in your armpits, neck, or groin
- Unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
- Burning, itching, or tingling feeling
- Mild confusion, slurred speech, clumsiness, problems with balance
If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088
Last Updated: 6/10/2021