Open heart surgeryHeart surgery - open
Heart surgery is any surgery done on the heart muscle, valves, arteries, or the aorta and other large arteries connected to the heart.
The term "open heart surgery" means that you are connected to a heart-lung bypass machine, or bypass pump during surgery.
- Your heart is stopped while you are connected to this machine.
- This machine does the work of your heart and lungs while your heart is stopped for the surgery. The machine adds oxygen to your blood, moves blood through your body, and removes carbon dioxide.
Common types of open-heart surgery include:
- Heart bypass surgery (coronary artery bypass graft -- CABG)
- Heart valve surgery
- Surgery to correct heart defect present at birth
New procedures are being done on the heart through smaller cuts. Some new procedures are being done while the heart is still beating.
Bainbridge D, Cheng DCH. Fast-track postoperative cardiac recovery and outcomes. In: Kaplan JA, ed. Kaplan's Cardiac Anesthesia. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017;chap 37.
Mestres CA, Bernal JM, Pomar JL. Surgical treatment of tricuspid valve diseases. In: Sellke FW, del Nido PJ, Swanson SJ, eds. Sabiston and Spencer Surgery of the Chest. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 81.
Montealegre-Gallegos M, Owais K, Mahmood F, Matyal R. Anesthesia and intraoperative care for the adult cardiac patient. In: Sellke FW, del Nido PJ, Swanson SJ, eds. Sabiston and Spencer Surgery of the Chest. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 59.
Omer S, Cornwell LD, Bakaeen FG. Acquired heart disease: coronary insufficiency. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 20th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 59.
Review Date: 2/28/2018
Reviewed By: Mary C. Mancini, MD, PhD, Department of Surgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-Shreveport, Shreveport, LA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Internal review and update on 07/12/2019 by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.