Open heart surgery
Heart surgery - open
Heart surgery is any surgery done on the heart muscle, valves, arteries, or the aorta and other large arteries connected to the heart.
The term "open heart surgery" means that you are connected to a heart-lung bypass machine, or bypass pump during surgery.
- Your heart is stopped while you are connected to this machine.
- This machine does the work of your heart and lungs while your heart is stopped for the surgery. The machine adds oxygen to your blood, moves blood through your body, and removes carbon dioxide.
Common types of open-heart surgery include:
- Heart bypass surgery (coronary artery bypass graft -- CABG)
- Heart valve surgery
- Surgery to correct heart a defect present at birth
New procedures are being done on the heart through smaller cuts. Some new procedures are being done while the heart is still beating.
Related InformationAngioplasty and stent placement - carotid artery
Atrial septal defect (ASD)
Coarctation of the aorta
Congenital heart defect - corrective surgery
Heart bypass surgery
Heart valve surgery
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
Patent ductus arteriosus
Heart bypass surgery - minimally invasive
Tetralogy of Fallot
Total anomalous pulmonary venous return
Ventricular septal defect
Bainbridge D, Cheng DCH. Fast-track postoperative cardiac recovery and outcomes. In: Kaplan JA, ed. Kaplan's Cardiac Anesthesia. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017;chap 37.
Bernstein D. General principles of treatment of congenital heart disease. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 461.
Mestres CA, Bernal JM, Pomar JL. Surgical treatment of tricuspid valve diseases. In: Sellke FW, del Nido PJ, Swanson SJ, eds. Sabiston and Spencer Surgery of the Chest. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 81.
Montealegre-Gallegos M, Owais K, Mahmood F, Matyal R. Anesthesia and intraoperative care for the adult cardiac patient. In: Sellke FW, del Nido PJ, Swanson SJ, eds. Sabiston and Spencer Surgery of the Chest. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 59.
Omer S, Bakaeen FG. Acquired heart disease: coronary insufficiency. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 21st ed. St Louis, MO: Elsevier; 2022:chap 60.BACK TO TOP
Review Date: 1/10/2022
Reviewed By: Mary C. Mancini, MD, PhD, Cardiothoracic Surgeon, Shreveport, LA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2022 A.D.A.M., a business unit of Ebix, Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.